ChronoPoints | New York State Pavilion
ChronoPoints is an initiative at the University of Central Florida’s Institute for Simulation and Training dedicated to digitally documenting historically significant mid-century structures and artifacts. Our mission is to record a “life history” through the capture of digital data and by contextualizing it through contemporaneous photographs, documents, and oral histories of individuals associated with the artifact or building.
history, oral history, lidar, laser scanning, point cloud, 3d model, maya, unity 3d, virtual, virtual reality, virtual environment, augmented reality, augmented environments, 3d mesh, vr, ar, hololens, microsoft hololens, archeology, research, documenting history, micro oral history, space, space age, apollo, project apollo, gemini, project gemini, mercury, project mercury, cape canaveral, cocoa beach, cape kennedy, kennedy space center, saturn v, atlas, mercury-atlas, redstone, mercury redstone, mid century, mid century modern, googie, digital preservation, 3d printing, sarasota school of architecture, htc vive, UCF, University of Central Florida, IST, Institute for Simulation and Training
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New York State Pavilion

This page serves as a repository for all materials pertaining to the New York State Pavilion – historical background, laser scanning, and 3D models. Please click one of the headers below.  

Postcard featuring Pavilion during the Fair
Condition of Pavilion just prior to 2014 UCF scanning project

The Highest Point at the Fair

The New York State Pavilion remains one of only a handful of architectural links to the 1964/65 New York World’s Fair.   Designed by renowned architect Philip Johnson, the Pavilion consisted of three distinct components –Astro-View Towers, Tent of Tomorrow, and the Theaterama.   As the host state to this 646 acres international celebration of the future, the New York State Pavilion was designed to be seen by visitors throughout the expansive Fairgrounds.  The Astro-View Towers’ Sky-Streak elevators whisked Fairgoers 226 feet above the Fair where they could wave to family members below, wonder at the Manhattan skyline and even catch a glimpse of Connecticut.

Sixteen continuously poured concrete columns rose to a height of 100 feet to support the roof of the Tent of Tomorrow. At the time of the Fair, the colorful ceiling of the Tent of Tomorrow was the world’s largest cable suspension roof.  Over 2,000 tons of steel were utilized between the roof’s 48 cables, compression and tension rings.  Costing in excess of $1 million, the terrazzo floor of the Tent of Tomorrow featured a carefully detailed 9,000 square foot road map of New York State.  It was within these impressive confines that the State of New York showcased many of its natural and cultural wonders to visitors.  The final structural component of Pavilion was Theaterama with an 80-foot diameter – 20-foot high screen that displayed the 14-minute film A-Round New York.   Six Mitchell Mark II cameras with anamorphic lenses provided viewers an encompassing 360° introduction to the State of New York. Works of pop art by noted artists would grace the exterior walls of the Theaterama.  It is here where Andy Warhol’s controversial 13 Most Wanted Men briefly appeared prior to their removal at the request of Governor Nelson Rockefeller and objection of fair organizer Robert Moses.

Neglect Takes its Toll

Following the close of the Fair in October 1965, Flushing Meadows-Corona Park underwent a redevelopment from its configuration as the site for the Fair to one of New York City’s largest urban oases.  Several structures from the Fair would remain in hope of future reuse, among them the New York State Pavilion, Federal Pavilion, New York City Pavilion, Hall of Science, Port Authority Heliport, Singer Bowl, and Unisphere.  The New York City Pavilion would become the Queens Center for Art & Culture (Queens Museum today) and the Hall of Science continue as a science center (New York Hall of Science today), but what can become of a structure that is not fully enclosed and would expose patrons to New York winters? For several years the Texaco New York State map terrazzo floor served as a roller skating rink.  However, the colorful fiberglass Tent of Tomorrow roofing panels falling onto the immediate environs, the  led to the financially strapped  City of New York removing the panels rather than repair and replacement.  With the terrazzo floor now open to the elements and failing to attract a permanent tenant, the New York State Pavilion fell victim to extensive vandalism and would be abandoned in place.




Notable Individuals

Images of those involved in the development, construction, and operation of Glass Bank during the 1960s.

First Federal Savings & Loan of Cocoa - Cocoa Beach

Images pertaining to the First Federal Savings & Loan of Cocoa - Cocoa Beach branch specifically and general external images.

Ramon's Rainbow Room

Sitting atop the Glass Bank, Ramon's Rainbow offered upscale dining with spectacular ocean views.

Post 1972 Glass Bank Images

Exterior views of the Glass Bank from its second decade of operation to its demolition.


The ChronoPoints team conducted an extensive documentation of the Glass Bank's demolition in January 2015.  Here is a sample of the images.

Glass Bank Scanning

Representations of the Glass Bank laser scan capture

Just prior to its demolition in January 2015, the ChronoPoints team conducted a laser scan of the Glass Bank exterior for digital preservation. We then utilized the highly accurate laser scan point cloud data to assist in the development of a 3D model of the structure’s exterior as it appeared in 1963. Historic images, documents, and oral histories enabled our team to model the interior of the First Federal Saving & Loan lobby and the Ramon’s Rainbow Room dining area.

Virtual Exploration

These models were then placed in the Unity engine that enables users to explore the Glass Bank on their computer.   A preliminary 360 virtual reality immersion experience was developed for the HTC Vive that returns you to the 1963 Glass Bank.

Augmented Reality

Receiving two MicroSoft HoloLens units during Microsoft’s first HoloLens Academic Research Award competition, we enabled users to explore the Glass Bank through Augmented Reality.

3D Printing

We developed a 3D physical representation of the Glass Bank with a partnering lab. PD3D, at IST. The model was printed on the XXX printer.